Our skin contains the pigment melanin which determines the colour of your skin, hair and eyes. The darker your skin is, the more melanin you have the skin cells. If the skin cells become damaged or unhealthy they can produce more melanin as a protection mechanism. The pigment producing cell can also be damaged preventing melanin production, this causes the skin to become lighter (hypopigmentation) or darker (hyperpigmentation), which are both recognised as skin conditions. Pigmentation of the skin can be stimulated by a number of reasons including sun damage, genetics, hormonal changes, medical conditions and skin trauma (such as burns).
As we age these effects become more obvious and some if left untreated become worse. Skin that has been chronically exposed to the sun can develop a rough texture and brown areas called age spots, sometimes also called brown spots, sun spots or liver spots. They are usually brown but can be red or black. Age spots occur mostly when we are over 40 but younger individuals can get them if they spend a lot of time in the sun. Some brown spots, such as actinic keratoses can present pre-cancerous conditions that should be evaluated by your dermatologist.
Freckles (ephilides) are small flat brown marks usually seen on the face and other sun-exposed areas of people with fair skin. They too have a brown colour due to the presence of melanin in the cells. When exposed to the sun, the melanocytes which produce the pigment are stimulated to produce even more melanin, which is why freckles tend to become more visible in the summer and fade in winter. Freckles tend to become less noticeable with age.
Medical grade skincare products contain SPF
To prevent the growth and darkening of freckles, it is advisable to adopt the daily use of effective SPF products. Protecting the skin from damage by using daily SPF product defends against harmful UVA and UVB rays from the sun which worsens pigmentation. We can advise you on healthy lifestyle options and give you an effective skincare routine with effective products to keep your skin clear and lighten pigmentation. Our medical aestheticians will advise you on our medical grade skin peels that use which may use glycolic acid to remove dead skin cells and lighten dark marks. Regenlite laser is also effective in reducing the appearance of blemishes and pigmentation with fast results and no downtime.
Treatment options include:
- dermatology consultation and prescriptions
- medical aesthetician assessment and treatment
- medical grade skincare products contain SPF
- medical grade facials and skin peels
- Regenlite laser by Chromogenex